Ephesus Commercial Agora

The Commercial Agora know as lower agora of Ephesus city and it was the one of largest agora of ancient world. The commercial agora origins to Hellenistic era and was built in Lysimakhos’ time (approximately 280 B.C.) However it was renovated in Roman Empire Era. Commercial Agora had a square form and was surrended by pillar on four sites; each side 110 meters.

Commercial agora had a lot of shops surrounding a courtyard except on the north side. Right in front of the shops there was a walkway, and floor was covered with marble. In the middle of the building there was a farmers market where Ephesians could buy whatever they need.

There were also a sun and water clock in the middle of the courtyard today sun and water clocks can be seen in Museum. The restoration of this Agora has not started yet.

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